Impact of education campaign on community-based vector control in hastening the process of elimination of lymphatic filariasis in Tamil Nadu, South India

Health Educ Res. 2012 Aug;27(4):585-94. doi: 10.1093/her/cyr045. Epub 2011 Jul 1.


Globally mosquito-borne lymphatic filariasis (LF) is targeted for elimination by 2020. Towards this goal, the scope of community-based vector control as a supplementary strategy to mass drug administration (MDA) was assessed through an intensive education campaign and evaluated using pre- and post-educational surveys in an intervention and comparison village in Tamil Nadu, South India. Environmental and entomological indicators for breeding sites and mosquito density were examined before and after the intervention. Significant (P < 0.05) increase in knowledge was observed in intervention area with regard to transmission and control of LF. Relative change between intervention and comparison villages before and after intervention was also significant (z = >1.96). Multiple mosquito control and personal protection methods were in use during the post-intervention assessment and was evident from the significantly (P < 0.05) higher average score. Breeding sources declined significantly (P < 0.05) in the intervention village with a significant relative change (z = 4.32). Significant reduction in per man-hour indoor resting density of mosquitoes was observed in the intervention area compared to baseline. The per capita cost for reducing 87% of the mosquito density was $ 0.32 indicating the effectiveness of community-based approach. The usefulness of this strategy in the elimination of LF is discussed.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Culicidae / parasitology
  • Data Collection
  • Elephantiasis, Filarial / prevention & control*
  • Elephantiasis, Filarial / transmission*
  • Female
  • Health Education*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • India
  • Insect Control* / economics
  • Insect Control* / methods
  • Insect Vectors*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Population Density
  • Reproduction
  • Wuchereria bancrofti / isolation & purification
  • Young Adult