Background: The bronchoprotective effect of caffeine on histamine challenge testing (HCT) has been studied with equivocal results. Current guidelines for bronchoprovocation testing recommend exclusion of caffeine the day of testing. The effects of caffeine on methacholine challenge testing (MCT), now more commonly performed than histamine challenge, are unknown.
Methods: Sixteen well-controlled asthmatics with a forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) > 65% predicted and methacholine provocation concentration causing a 20% fall in FEV(1) (PC(20)) ≤ 16 mg/ml participated in a randomized single-blind crossover study. The two treatments included 16 ounces of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee given on two separate days. The fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and FEV(1) were measured before and 1 h after each treatment. One hour post treatment blood was drawn for serum caffeine level and the MCT was done.
Results: Fourteen subjects completed the study; there were no adverse events. No significant bronchodilation was seen between the mean FEV(1) values before and after the caffeinated treatment (3.31 ± 0.75 L and 3.36 ± 0.74 L, respectively). No significant bronchoprotection was seen between the caffeinated and decaffeinated treatment's geometric mean PC(20) values (1.35 mg/ml and 1.36 mg/ml, respectively). Mean eNO values before and after caffeinated treatment were not significantly different (31.2 ± 19.6 ppb and 31.5 ± 20.4 ppb).
Conclusion: The amount of caffeine in a normal dietary serving of a 16 oz cup of coffee is not enough to cause significant bronchoprotection, bronchodilation, or decrease eNO values. Registered at http://clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01057875.
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