Myeloid cells express a plethora of C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) that can regulate immune responses. CLEC-2 belongs to the Dectin-1 sub-family of CLRs that possess an extracellular C-type lectin-like domain and a single intracellular hemITAM motif. CLEC-2 is highly expressed on mouse and human platelets where it signals via Syk to promote aggregation. We generated a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against mouse CLEC-2 and found that CLEC-2 is additionally widely expressed on leukocytes and that its expression is upregulated during inflammation. MAb-mediated crosslinking of CLEC-2 leads to hemITAM-dependent signaling via Syk, Ca(2+) and NFAT and, in myeloid cells, modulates the effect of toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists to selectively potentiate production of IL-10. A macrophage/dendritic cell-dependent increase in IL-10 is also observed in mice given anti-CLEC-2 mAb together with LPS. Collectively, these data indicate that CLEC-2 is expressed in myeloid cells and acts as a Syk-coupled CLR able to modulate TLR signaling and inflammatory responses.
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