Relationships between work-home segmentation and psychological detachment from work: the role of communication technology use at home

J Occup Health Psychol. 2011 Oct;16(4):457-67. doi: 10.1037/a0023594.


Employees can have difficulty mentally distancing themselves from work during off-job time due to increasing use of communication technologies (e.g., e-mail, cell phone, etc.). However, psychological detachment from work during nonwork time is important for employee recovery and health. This study examined several antecedents of psychological detachment: work-home segmentation preference, perceived segmentation norm, and the use of communication technology at home. Results indicate that segmentation preference and segmentation norm were positively associated with psychological detachment. Further, technology use at home partially mediated these relationships. Findings indicate that segmenting work and nonwork roles can help employees detach and recover from work demands. In addition, findings show that the segmentation norm within a work group is associated with employee experiences outside of work. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Communication*
  • Data Collection
  • Employment / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leisure Activities / psychology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • United States