Women's musculoskeletal foot conditions exacerbated by shoe wear: an imaging perspective

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2011 Apr;40(4):183-91.


The predominance of several musculoskeletal foot conditions in women are largely the result of biomechanical alterations caused by ill-fitting shoes. In particular, the altered biomechanics (associated with high-heeled shoes and shoes with a narrowed toe box) has been linked to the genesis of hallux valgus, hammer toe deformity, Haglund syndrome, metatarsal stress fracture, Freiberg infraction, and Morton neuroma. In reviewing the imaging findings of several of these conditions, we emphasize the role of radiographs, special radiographic views, and the utility of more costly studies, such as magnetic resonance imaging.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Foot / diagnostic imaging
  • Foot / pathology*
  • Foot Deformities, Acquired / complications
  • Foot Deformities, Acquired / diagnostic imaging
  • Foot Deformities, Acquired / pathology*
  • Forefoot, Human / diagnostic imaging
  • Forefoot, Human / injuries
  • Fractures, Bone / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / etiology
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / pathology*
  • Pressure
  • Radiography
  • Shoes*
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Weight-Bearing
  • Women's Health*