EarlyCDT-Lung: an immunobiomarker test as an aid to early detection of lung cancer

Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2011 Jul;4(7):1126-34. doi: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-10-0328.


Recent publications have reported the technical and clinical validation of EarlyCDT-Lung, an autoantibody test which detected elevated autoantibodies in 40% of lung cancers at diagnosis. This manuscript reports the results of EarlyCDT-Lung run on four new (postvalidation) data sets. The following four cohorts of patients (n = 574) with newly diagnosed lung cancer were identified: group 1 (n = 122), 100% small cell lung cancer (SCLC); group 2 (n = 249), 97% non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); group 3 (n = 122), 100% NSCLC; group 4 (n = 81), 62% NSCLC. Serum samples were obtained after diagnosis, prior to any anticancer treatment. Autoantibody levels were measured against a panel of six tumor-related antigens (p53, NY-ESO-1, CAGE, GBU4-5, Annexin 1, and SOX2) in the EarlyCDT-Lung panel and previously established cutoffs applied. In groups 2, 3, and 4, patients were individually matched by gender, age, and smoking history to a control individual with no history of malignant disease. Assay sensitivity was tested in relation to cancer type and stage, and in the matched normals to demographic variables. The autoantibody panel showed sensitivity/specificity of 57%/n.d (not done) for SCLC in group 1, 34%/87% for NSCLC in group 2, 31% and 84% for NSCLC in group 3, and 35%/89% for NSCLC and 43%/89% for SCLC in group 4. There was no significant difference in positivity of EarlyCDT-Lung and different lung cancer stages. These studies confirm the value of an autoantibody assay, EarlyCDT-Lung, as an aid to detecting lung cancer in patients at high risk of the disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antibodies, Neoplasm / blood*
  • Autoantibodies / blood*
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / blood*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / blood
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / diagnosis*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / immunology
  • Carcinoma, Small Cell / blood
  • Carcinoma, Small Cell / diagnosis*
  • Carcinoma, Small Cell / immunology
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / blood
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Lung Neoplasms / immunology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Young Adult


  • Antibodies, Neoplasm
  • Autoantibodies
  • Biomarkers, Tumor