The E3 ubiquitin (Ub)-protein ligases (E3s) play a role as regulators of protein trafficking and degradation. We aimed to integrate the profile of E3s in rat kidney and examine the changes in protein abundance of the selected E3s in response to 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP) stimulation/withdrawal. Sprague-Dawley rats were infused with vehicle (n = 13), dDAVP for 5 days (n = 13), or dDAVP was withdrawn for periods (15 min, 30 min, 1, 3, 6, 12, or 24 h) after 5-day infusion (n = 46). Total RNA was isolated from the inner medulla (IM) for transcriptome analysis. Plasma membrane (PM)- or intracellular vesicle (ICV)-enriched fractions of whole kidney were immunoisolated for liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis. dDAVP infusion for 5 days (D5d) significantly increased urine osmolality, which was maintained during 3-h withdrawal of dDAVP after 5-day infusion (D5d-3h). Consistent with this, aquaporin-2 (AQP2) expression in the PM fractions of D5d and D5d-3h increased, whereas AQP2 expression in the ICV fractions of D5d-3h was further increased, indicating internalization of AQP2. Transcriptome analysis revealed 86 genes of E3s and LC-MS/MS analysis demonstrated 16 proteins of E3s. Among these, seven E3s (BRCA1, UBR4, BRE1B, UHRF1, NEDD4, CUL5, and FBX6) were shared. RT-PCR demonstrated mRNA expressions of the seven identified E3s in the kidney, and immunoblotting demonstrated changes in protein abundance of the selected E3s (BRE1B, NEDD4, and CUL5) in response to dDAVP stimulation/withdrawal or lithium-induced nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. The rate of AQP2 degradation was retarded in mpkCCDc14 cells with small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of NEDD4 or CUL5. Taken together, identified E3s could be involved in the degradation of proteins associated with vasopressin-induced urine concentration.