Improving retinal image resolution with iterative weighted shift-and-add

J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2011 Jul 1;28(7):1395-402. doi: 10.1364/JOSAA.28.001395.


High-resolution retinal imaging requires dilating the pupil, and therefore exposing more aberrations that blur the image. We developed an image processing technique that takes advantage of the natural movement of the eye to average out some of the high-order aberrations and to oversample the retina. This method was implemented on a long sequence of retinal images of subjects with normal vision. We were able to resolve the structures of the size of single cells in the living human retina. The improvement of resolution is independent of the acquisition method, as long as the image is not warped during scanning. Consequently, even better results can be expected by implementing this technique on higher-resolution images.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Cell Size
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Retina / cytology
  • Retina / physiology*