Coelomogenesis During the Abbreviated Development of the Echinoid Heliocidaris Erythrogramma and the Developmental Origin of the Echinoderm Pentameral Body Plan

Evol Dev. Jul-Aug 2011;13(4):370-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-142X.2011.00492.x.

Abstract

The development of the coeloms is described in an echinoid with an abbreviated larval development and shows the early morphogenesis of the coeloms of the adult stage. The development is described from images obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. The development in Heliocidaris erythrogramma is asymmetric with a larger left coelom forming on the larval-left side and a smaller right coelom forming on the larval-right side. The right coelom forms after the development of the left coelom is well advanced. The hydrocoele forms from the anterior part of the left coelom. The five lobes of the hydrocoele from which the pentamery of the adult derives take shape on the outer, distal wall of the anterior part of the left coelom. The hydrocoele separates from the more posterior part of the left coelom, which becomes the left posterior coelom. The lobes of the hydrocoele are named, based on the site of the connexion of the stone canal to the hydrocoele. The mouth is assumed to form by penetration through only the outer, distal wall of the hydrocoele and the ectoderm. Both larval and adult polarities are evident in this larva. A comparison with coelomogenesis in the asteroid Parvulastra exigua, which also has an abbreviated development, leads to predictions of homology between the echinoderm and chordate phyla that do not require the hypothesis of a dorsoventral inversion event in chordates.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anthocidaris / anatomy & histology
  • Anthocidaris / cytology
  • Anthocidaris / growth & development*
  • Biological Evolution*
  • Body Patterning*
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Larva / anatomy & histology
  • Larva / cytology
  • Larva / growth & development
  • Morphogenesis