G protein coupled receptor specificity for C3a and compound 48/80-induced degranulation in human mast cells: roles of Mas-related genes MrgX1 and MrgX2

Eur J Pharmacol. 2011 Oct 1;668(1-2):299-304. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.06.027. Epub 2011 Jul 3.

Abstract

Although human mast cells express G protein coupled receptors for the anaphylatoxin C3a, previous studies indicated that C3a causes mast cell degranulation, at least in part, via a C3a receptor-independent mechanism similar to that proposed for polycationic molecules such as compound 48/80. The purpose of the present study was to delineate the receptor specificity of C3a-induced degranulation in human mast cells. We found that C3a, a C3a receptor "superagonist" (E7) and compound 48/80 induced Ca(2+) mobilization and degranulation in a differentiated human mast cell line, LAD2. However, C3a and E7 caused Ca(2+) mobilization in an immature mast cell line, HMC-1 but compound 48/80 did not. We have previously shown that LAD2 cells express MrgX1 and MrgX2 but HMC-1 cells do not. To delineate the receptor specificity for C3a and compound 48/80 further, we generated stable transfectants expressing MrgX1 and MrgX2 in a rodent mast cell line, RBL-2H3 cells. We found that compound 48/80 caused degranulation in RBL-2H3 cells expressing MrgX1 and MrgX2 but C3a did not. By contrast, E7 activated RBL-2H3 cells expressing MrgX2 but not MrgX1. These findings demonstrate that in contrast to previous reports, C3a and compound 48/80 do not use a shared mechanism for mast cell degranulation. It shows that while compound 48/80 utilizes MrgX1 and MrgX2 for mast cell degranulation C3a does not. It further reveals the novel finding that the previously characterized synthetic peptide, C3a receptor "superagonist" E7 activates human mast cells via two mechanisms; one involving the C3a receptor and the other MrgX2.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cell Degranulation / drug effects*
  • Cell Line
  • Complement C3a / agonists
  • Complement C3a / chemistry
  • Complement C3a / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Mast Cells / cytology
  • Mast Cells / drug effects*
  • Mast Cells / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / agonists
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / agonists
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics*
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide / agonists
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide / genetics*
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide / metabolism
  • Substrate Specificity
  • p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine / pharmacology*

Substances

  • MRGPRX2 protein, human
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide
  • mas-related gene-X1 receptor, human
  • proto-oncogene proteins c-mas-1
  • p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine
  • Complement C3a