CAM: naturopathic dietary interventions for patients with type 2 diabetes

Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2011 Aug;17(3):157-61. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2011.02.007. Epub 2011 Mar 17.


Objective: To test feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effectiveness of a naturopathic dietary intervention in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

Methods: Prospective observational pilot study evaluating the change in clinical and patient-centered outcome measures following a 12-week individualized and group dietary education program delivered in naturopathic primary care.

Results: HbA1c improved in all participants (n = 12); mean - 0.4% +/- 0.49% SD, (p = 0.02). Adherence to healthful eating increased from 3.5 d/wk to 5.3 d/wk (p = 0.05). Specific nutritional behavior modification included: days/week consuming ≥5 servings of fruit/vegetables (p = 0.01), attention to fat intake (p = 0.05), and -11.3% carbohydrate reduction. Measures of physical activity, self-efficacy and self-management also improved significantly.

Conclusion: A naturopathic dietary approach to diabetes appears to be feasible to implement among Type 2 diabetes patients. The intervention may also improve self-management, glycemic control, and have influences in other domains of self-care behaviors. Clinical trials evaluating naturopathic approaches to Type 2 diabetes are warranted.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Behavior Therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diet therapy*
  • Exercise
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Naturopathy / methods*
  • Patient Compliance*
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Self Care*
  • Self Efficacy
  • Social Control, Informal
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • hemoglobin A1c protein, human