[Ameloblastoma of the jaws. A retrospective analysis from 1994 to 2007]

Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2011 Nov;112(5):269-79. doi: 10.1016/j.stomax.2011.05.004. Epub 2011 Jul 13.
[Article in French]


Introduction: Ameloblastomas and keratocysts are the most frequent epithelial odontogenic tumors of the jaws. They have a high recurrence rate. This retrospective study reviews the features of ameloblastomas operated on in our unit from 1994 to 2007.

Patients and methods: The studied parameters were sex, ethnic origin, age at diagnosis, clinical signs, radiographic presentation, site distribution, histological type, treatment, and follow-up records.

Results: One hundred and sixteen patients were included (with 239 surgical samples). The mean age was 36 years, with a majority of Europeans, 60% of multilocular radiolucent lesions with root resorption, mandibular location (93%). Twenty-one percent of the patients presented with an impacted tooth, the third molar in 79% of cases. Fifty percent of the lesions were from 5 to 13cm in length, 10% longer than 13cm. The most common histological type was follicular ameloblastoma. Patients were treated by enucleation in 82% of cases and radical mandibular resection with reconstruction in 11% of cases. The follow-up was documented for 96% of the patients with a 44% recurrence rate. Seventy-four percent of patients with a double recurrence presented with a "follicular" ameloblastoma.

Discussion: We prefer a well-performed enucleation which preserves surrounding bone. The high rate of follicular type recurrence should more systematically lead to a combined treatment: periostectomy and tooth extraction. Our data was compared with previously published large series.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age of Onset
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ameloblastoma / diagnosis
  • Ameloblastoma / epidemiology
  • Ameloblastoma / ethnology
  • Ameloblastoma / surgery*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Jaw Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Jaw Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Jaw Neoplasms / ethnology
  • Jaw Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult