Early diagnosis and evidence-based care of surgical sepsis

J Intensive Care Med. 2013 Mar-Apr;28(2):107-17. doi: 10.1177/0885066611408690. Epub 2011 Jul 11.


Sepsis continues to be a common and serious problem among surgical patients. It is a leading cause of both morbidity and mortality in the perioperative period. The early identification of sepsis and the early implementation of evidence-based care can improve outcomes. This focused review will identify ways to improve the early identification of sepsis and discuss the current evidence-based guidelines for the early management of sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock in the surgical patients.

MeSH terms

  • Early Diagnosis*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Sepsis / diagnosis*
  • Sepsis / therapy
  • Shock, Septic / diagnosis
  • Shock, Septic / therapy
  • Surgical Procedures, Operative / standards*
  • Surgical Wound Infection / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome