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. 2011 Dec;28(8):743-50.
doi: 10.1007/s10585-011-9406-8. Epub 2011 Jul 13.

Galectin-3 Germline Variant at Position 191 Enhances Nuclear Accumulation and Activation of β-Catenin in Gastric Cancer

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Galectin-3 Germline Variant at Position 191 Enhances Nuclear Accumulation and Activation of β-Catenin in Gastric Cancer

Seok-Jun Kim et al. Clin Exp Metastasis. .

Abstract

Mutation of galectin-3 at position 191 (rs4644) substituting proline to histidine (gal-3H(64)) resulted in the acquisition of resistance to drug-induced apoptosis by breast cancer cells. This study employed gastric cancer cells and patient tissues in attempts to elucidate how and why this mutation in galectin-3 (gal-3H(64)) enhances cancer progression, compared to wild type galectin-3 (gal-3P(64)). First, we prepared lenti-virus constructs containing gal-3P(64), gal-3H(64) and LacZ, and used them to infect galectin-3 null SNU-638 cells. We found that gal-3H(64) over-expression increases gastric cancer cell growth more than gal-3P(64) or LacZ over-expression. Also, gal-3H(64) over-expression conferred more resistance to cisplatin or 5-FU induced cytotoxicity than gal-3P(64). Gal-3H(64) also enhanced nuclear accumulation of β-catenin as well as increased expression of TCF-4 target genes, such as fascin-1 and c-Myc through the augmented promoter binding activity of TCF-4, than gal-3P(64). We also demonstrated stronger staining of β-catenin and galectin-3 in malignant tissues from gastric cancer patients with mutated galectin-3 at position 191 (gal-3 191) (A/A) (H(64)) and greater localization in the nucleus than in gal-3 191 A/C (P(64)) cancer patients. Taken together, we elucidated in this study that germline variant of gal-3H(64) increases nuclear accumulation of β-catenin and promotes TCF transcriptional activity and enhances more the galectin-3's role in gastric cancer progression.

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