Complex I (CI) represents a major entry point of electrons in the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC). It consists of 45 different subunits, encoded by the mitochondrial (mtDNA) and nuclear DNA (nDNA). In humans, mutations in nDNA-encoded subunits cause severe neurodegenerative disorders like Leigh Syndrome with onset in early childhood. The pathophysiological mechanism of these disorders is still poorly understood. Here we summarize the current knowledge concerning the consequences of nDNA-encoded CI mutations in patient-derived cells, present mouse models for human CI deficiency, and discuss potential treatment strategies for CI deficiency.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. and Mitochondria Research Society. All rights reserved.