Background: Aging and obesity induce complex transcriptomic changes in the liver, promoting the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. In spite of an increasing amount of studies on the role of aging and nutrient excess in metabolic disorders, the specific molecular events leading to insulin resistance are still poorly understood.
Methods: This study presents a comparative analysis of hepatic gene expression profiles between young adult C57BL/6J mice fed with a low- or a high-fat diet for 1 and 12 months. We evaluated the expression of a defined set of genes implicated in glucose and lipid metabolism as well as key nuclear receptors and their target genes, IGF1 signaling and clock genes.
Results: Aging and short-term high-fat consumption induced insulin resistance, albeit through two distinct processes. Hepatic gene expression changes were more pronounced in the context of aging. We further analyzed expression profiles together with plasma parameters by principal component analysis with regard to diet condition.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that in the liver of C57BL/6J mice, the molecular mechanisms underlying high-fat feeding or aging which mediated insulin resistance were not identical.
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.