The components of extracellular matrix (ECM) may substitute for feeder layers that promote the self-renewal pathways in embryonic stem cells. Surface modification of electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds have been studied to closely resemble natural ECMs and support in vitro and in vivo proliferation, pluripotency and differentiation of stem cells. In this study, we analyzed the maintenance of stemness and pluripotency of the mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) following feeder-free culture on collagen-grafted polyethersulfone (PES-COL) electrospun nanofibrous scaffold. Our results showed that, the mESCs cultured for seven passages on PES-COL scaffolds had a typical undifferentiated morphology, enhanced proliferation, stable diploid normal karyotype, and continued expression of stemness and pluripotency-associated markers, Oct-4, Nanog, SSEA-1, and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in comparison with PES scaffolds and gelatin-coated plate. Moreover, these cells retained their in vitro and in vivo pluripotency. Our results indicated the enhanced infiltration and teratoma formation of mESCs in PES-COL. Collagen-grafted polyethersulfone nanoﬁbrous scaffold has potential for feeder-free culture of pluripotent stem cells because of its 3-dimensional structure and bioactivity which enhance pluripotency, proliferation, differentiation, and inﬁltration of embryonic stem cells.
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