Role of hormones in acne vulgaris

Clin Biochem. 2011 Sep;44(13):1035-1040. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2011.06.984. Epub 2011 Jul 6.


Objective: To elucidate the role of endogenous hormones like testosterone, progesterone, estrogen, insulin-like growth factor, insulin and glucocorticoids in a common skin condition acne vulgaris.

Design and methods: We conducted a systematic review of the literature and abstracted the data for every published cut point.

Results: We screened more than 1000 studies and found that serum testosterone, progesterone, glucocorticoids, insulin and insulin-like growth factors are increased in patients with acne vulgaris and serum estrogen levels are low in patients.

Conclusions: Various endogenous hormones play important role in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris. Thus, in the clinical practice it is important to evaluate serum levels of these hormones and patients must be treated accordingly to avoid serious endocrine disorders at an early age.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Acne Vulgaris / etiology*
  • Hormones / blood*
  • Humans


  • Hormones