Development of an Extemporaneous Oral Liquid Formulation of Oxandrolone and Its Stability Evaluation

Burns. 2011 Nov;37(7):1150-3. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2011.06.007. Epub 2011 Jul 20.


Many references exist in the literature identifying the usefulness of oxandrolone in treating muscle wasting due to various conditions including severe burns. However, there is an absence of dosage form alternatives as it is only available as tablets. The dose for children is weight based (0.1 mg/kg) which is difficult to achieve with the currently available tablets of 2.5 mg and 10 mg. The literature provides ample evidence of clinical importance but little guidance on extemporaneous oral liquid formulation of oxandrolone. In order to develop and validate an extemporaneous liquid formulation, suspensions of oxandrolone were developed using locally available (New Zealand) vehicles. Combinations of these vehicles with ethanol, as advised in some articles were also tried. Assay method was developed for oxandrolone using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and Mass Spectroscopy (LC-MS). The formulations were evaluated for stability as per the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) stability guidelines. They were observed for physical and chemical stability at different time points over a period of 28 days. A stable and validated liquid formulation of oxandrolone has been developed which can be made under the hospital and community pharmacy conditions. The formula utilises commercially available oxandrolone tablets, crushed and dispersed in Simple Syrup BP or Orablend(®) vehicle. The formulation has confirmed stability for 21 days and can be easily made with locally available vehicles.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Drug Compounding
  • Drug Stability
  • Oxandrolone / administration & dosage
  • Oxandrolone / analysis
  • Oxandrolone / chemistry*
  • Pharmaceutical Solutions / chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Vehicles / chemistry


  • Pharmaceutical Solutions
  • Pharmaceutical Vehicles
  • Oxandrolone