Hydrocarbon degradation and bioemulsifier production by thermophilic Geobacillus pallidus strains

Bioresour Technol. 2011 Oct;102(19):9155-61. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.06.074. Epub 2011 Jun 29.

Abstract

Geobacillus pallidus XS2 and XS3 were isolated from oil contaminated soil samples in Yumen oilfield, China, and were able to produce bioemulsifiers on different hydrocarbons. Biodegradation assays exhibited that approximately 70% of PAH (250 mg/L) or 85% of crude oil (500 mg/L) was removed by the thermophilic bacteria after 20 days. The bioemulsifiers of the two strains were isolated and obtained a productive yield of 4.24±0.08 and 3.82±0.11g/L, respectively. GPC analysis revealed that the number-average molecular weights (M(n)) of the two bioemulsifiers were 271,785 Da and 526,369 Da, with PDI values of 1.104 and 1.027, respectively. Chemical composition studies exhibited that the bioemulsifier XS2 consisted of carbohydrates (68.6%), lipids (22.7%) and proteins (8.7%) while the bioemulsifier XS3 was composed by carbohydrates (41.1%), lipids (47.6%) and proteins (11.3%). Emulsification assays approved the effectiveness of bioemulsifiers over a wide range of temperature, pH and salinity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • China
  • Chromatography, Gas
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Emulsifying Agents / chemistry
  • Emulsifying Agents / isolation & purification*
  • Geobacillus / genetics
  • Geobacillus / metabolism*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Petroleum / metabolism*
  • Phylogeny
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / metabolism*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Salinity
  • Soil Microbiology*
  • Soil Pollutants / metabolism*
  • Temperature

Substances

  • Emulsifying Agents
  • Petroleum
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Soil Pollutants