The 3',5'-exonuclease center of the Klenow fragment of E. coli DNA polymerase I (FK) was selectively blocked by NaF. The latter was shown to forbid the binding of nucleotides and their analogs to the enzyme exonuclease center. In the presence of poly(dT).r(pA)10 template.primer complex and NaF, we observed AMP, ADP, ATP, PPi and dATP to be competitive inhibitors of the FK-catalyzed DNA polymerization. The interactions of the nucleotides with FK and human DNA polymerase alpha were compared to reveal similarity of binding to the DNA polymerizing centers. Structural components of dNTP and PPi playing key roles in forming complexes with pro- and eukaryotic DNA polymerases were identified.