Induction of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase gene expression by retinoic acid in an adult rat hepatocyte line

Biochemistry. 1990 Dec 11;29(49):10883-8. doi: 10.1021/bi00501a004.


Regulation of expression of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene was examined in an adult rat hepatocyte line, RALA255-10G, that was immortalized with an SV40 temperature-sensitive (ts) A mutant. These hepatocytes express a transformed phenotype at the permissive temperature (33 degrees C) but a differentiated liver phenotype at the nonpermissive temperature (40 degrees C). We have shown previously that RALA255-10G cells express only low levels of liver-specific genes such as albumin and tyrosine aminotransferase at 33 degrees C. In the present study, we demonstrated that at 33 degrees C, PEPCK synthesis and mRNA expression could be detected only in the simultaneous presence of dexamethasone (DEX), retinoic acid, and dibutyryl-cAMP (Bt2cAMP). At 40 degrees C, PEPCK synthesis and mRNA expression were demonstrated in the presence of Bt2cAMP alone, but not in the presence of either DEX or retinoic acid. However, at 40 degrees C, PEPCK gene expression was stimulated by the combination of DEX plus retinoic acid; additionally, DEX and retinoic acid potentiated the Bt2cAMP-mediated PEPCK induction. In RALA255-10G cells, optimal PEPCK gene expression required the simultaneous presence of DEX, retinoic acid, and Bt2cAMP; DEX had to be present at all times. Triiodothyronine (T3) also potentiated the Bt2cAMP-mediated PEPCK gene expression but failed to increase further the induction by DEX/retinoic acid/Bt2cAMP. By performing nuclear runoff assays, we demonstrated that the PEPCK gene transcription rate in the absence or presence of inducing agents was closely related to the levels of the corresponding mRNAs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bucladesine / pharmacology
  • Cell Line
  • Dexamethasone / pharmacology
  • Enzyme Induction / drug effects
  • Gene Expression / drug effects
  • Liver / physiology*
  • Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (GTP) / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Rats
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects
  • Tretinoin / pharmacology*


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Tretinoin
  • Bucladesine
  • Dexamethasone
  • Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (GTP)