Predictive Value of Endometrial Thickness, Pattern and Sub-Endometrial Blood Flows on the Day of hCG by 2D Doppler in In-Vitro Fertilization Cycles: A Prospective Clinical Study From a Tertiary Care Unit

J Hum Reprod Sci. 2011 Jan;4(1):29-33. doi: 10.4103/0974-1208.82357.

Abstract

Aims and objectives: To evaluate the role of endometrial thickness, pattern and sub-endometrial blood flows measured by 2D power Doppler ultrasound to predict pregnancy during in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment.

Study design: Prospective, non-randomized clinical study.

Materials and methods: This was a prospective observational study. A total of 101 infertile women were recruited from our IVF-ET program from January to December, 2009. Women with tubal factor, male factor and unexplained infertility were included in the study.

Results: The mean age was 35 years and mean duration of infertility was 8 years. Seventy five (74.25%) patients had primary infertility and 26 (25.74%) had secondary infertility. The mean endometrial thickness was 8.1 mm and endometrial blood flow was in Zone I in 18 patients, 28 patients had blood flow in Zone II and 54 had in Zone III. Overall, 27 (26.73%) patients conceived and in these women the endometrial thickness was between 6 and 12 mm.

Conclusions: With a thin endometrium (≤7 mm) and no-triple-line endometrial pattern coexisting in an in-vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) candidate, cryopreservation should be recommended. With a thin endometrium and a good texture (triple-line), other prognostic factors, such as embryo quality, should be taken into account. The endometrial vascularity has a useful predictive value on the implantation rate in IVF cycles irrespective of the morphological appearance of the endometrium. However, further study is needed to make a definitive conclusion.

Keywords: Doppler; endometrial thickness; in-vitro fertilization.