Pregnancy and intimate partner violence: risk factors, severity, and health effects

Violence Against Women. 2011 Jul;17(7):858-81. doi: 10.1177/1077801211412547.


The current study compares female victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) who were and were not victimized during pregnancy. Victims of pregnancy violence are more likely to report having experienced all forms of violence, particularly severe forms, and have higher odds of experiencing several postviolence indicators of severity and adverse health consequences. The significance of predictors disappears in a post hoc analysis controlling for proxies of battering behavior (i.e., repeated and severe violence), suggesting that victims who experience violence during pregnancy may be more likely to be in a current intimate relationship with an abuser who inflicts repeated and severe IPV.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Battered Women*
  • Criminals
  • Female
  • Health*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pregnancy Complications
  • Pregnancy*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sexual Partners*
  • Spouse Abuse*
  • Spouses
  • Young Adult