Vaccines against tick-borne encephalitis: WHO position paper--recommendations

Vaccine. 2011 Nov 8;29(48):8769-70. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.07.024. Epub 2011 Jul 21.


This article presents the WHO recommendations on the use of vaccines against tick-borne encephalitis excerpted from the recently published Vaccines against tick-borne encephalitis: WHO position paper. This is the first WHO position paper on the use of tick-borne encephalitis. It was published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record in June 2011. In this paper, footnotes provide a limited number of core references including references to grading tables that assess the quality of scientific evidence for a few key conclusions; a more comprehensive list of references is offered in the Background document on vaccines and vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis available at In accordance with its mandate to provide guidance to Member States on health policy matters, WHO issues a series of regularly updated position papers on vaccines and combinations of vaccines against diseases that have an international public health impact. These papers are concerned primarily with the use of vaccines in large-scale immunization programmes; they summarize essential background information on diseases and vaccines, and conclude with WHO's current position on the use of vaccines in the global context. This paper reflects the recommendations of WHO's Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on immunization. These recommendations were discussed by SAGE at its April 2011 meeting. Evidence presented at the meeting can be accessed at

MeSH terms

  • Encephalitis, Tick-Borne / prevention & control*
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs
  • Immunization, Secondary
  • Vaccination / standards
  • Viral Vaccines / administration & dosage*
  • Viral Vaccines / immunology
  • World Health Organization*


  • Viral Vaccines