Fractional flow reserve versus angiography in left circumflex ostial intervention after left main crossover stenting

Korean Circ J. 2011 Jun;41(6):304-7. doi: 10.4070/kcj.2011.41.6.304. Epub 2011 Jun 30.


Background and objectives: Discrepancy between angiographic percent (%) diameter stenosis and fractional flow reserve (FFR) exists in non-left main bifurcation lesions. The aim of this study was to compare angiographic stenosis severity and FFR in jailed ostial left circumflex artery (LCX) lesions after left main (LM)-to-left anterior descending artery (LAD) crossover stenting.

Subjects and methods: Twenty-nine (n=29) patients with distal LM or ostial LAD lesions treated by LM-to-LAD crossover stenting were consecutively enrolled. After successful stenting, FFR was measured at the jailed LCX. Additional intervention was performed in lesions with FFR <0.8.

Results: The mean reference diameter of LCX was 3.1±0.4 mm, and percent diameter stenosis after crossover stenting was 56±21%. Angiographically significant stenosis (>50%) at the ostial LCX occurred in 59% (17/29) of cases. Among them, only five (29%) lesions had functional significance, and underwent additional procedure. During follow-up, three patients in the deferral group and two patients in the additional intervention group had target lesion revascularization.

Conclusion: There was a discrepancy between angiographic percent diameter stenosis and FFR in jailed LCX lesions after LM crossover stenting.

Keywords: Angiography; Coronary disease; Physiology; Stents.