MRI-guided ablation of breast cancer: where do we stand today?

J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Aug;34(2):254-61. doi: 10.1002/jmri.22599.


The treatment of patients with localized breast cancer has changed considerably over the past few decades. The next challenge is to use image-guided minimally invasive tumor ablation techniques. The fact that MRI is the most accurate imaging modality for visualization and delineation of breast tumor margins in three dimensions and provides MRI-based temperature mapping, makes it particularly applicable for monitoring during minimally invasive ablation techniques. The overall result of the studies performed on MRI-guided minimally invasive tumor ablation studies are varying, with reported total tumor ablation rates ranging between 20% and 100%. Strict selection of patients, consensus on the treatment zone margin and optimization of MR-imaging, should make MRI-guided breast cancer tumor ablation a useful tool in clinical practice.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast / pathology
  • Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Breast Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Catheter Ablation / methods
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperthermia, Induced / methods
  • Lasers
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional / methods*
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Temperature