The present study was to characterize a procyanidin-rich extract (PARE) from sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) bran and assess its biological activities. The procyanidin oligomers were separated and identified by normal-phase HPLC equipped with fluorescence (FLD) and mass spectrometry (MS) detectors. In addition, the effects of PARE on oxidative stress in mice induced by D-galactose as well as tumor inhibition in C57BL/6J mice bearing Lewis lung cancer were investigated. Administration of D-galactose significantly (p < 0.05) lowered the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). This was accompanied by a significant (p < 0.05) increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in both liver and serum. Administration of PARE (150 mg/kg) significantly (p < 0.05) reversed the d-galactose-induced oxidative stress by enhancing the activities of antioxidant enzymes. Furthermore, PARE administration inhibited tumor growth and metastasis formation by suppressing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production. The results suggested that PARE had antioxidant and antitumor activities.