Long-term Effect of a Simple Nest-Box on the Reproductive Efficiency and Other Life Traits of an Aotus Lemurinus Lemurinus Monkey Colony: An Animal Model for Malaria Research

J Med Primatol. 2011 Dec;40(6):383-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0684.2011.00489.x. Epub 2011 Jul 22.

Abstract

Background: The long-term effect of a PVC pipe nest-box on the reproductive efficiency and other life traits of an Aotus monkey-breeding colony have not been characterized.

Methods and results: We analyzed laboratory records of the Gorgas Memorial Institute (GMI) Aotus monkey colony in Panama for the period 1999-2010 and found a 273% increase in the annual mean life births in the following 7 years after the introduction of a PVC pipe nest-box in 2002, as well as increases in the mean body mass and survival of laboratory-bred monkeys. Other life traits such as inter-birth interval, parity, birth sex distribution, mortality, and longevity were also determined.

Conclusions: The use of a PVC pipe nest-box significantly improved the reproductive efficiency and other life traits of the GMI Aotus breeding colony.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animal Husbandry / methods*
  • Animals
  • Aotidae / growth & development
  • Aotidae / physiology*
  • Cause of Death
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Malaria
  • Male
  • Panama
  • Population Dynamics
  • Reproduction*