Aim: The aim was to determine prevalence and reasons for very poor glycaemic control (HbA1c≥10% [86 mmol/mol]) amongst people with Type 2 diabetes in an ethnically diverse urban population.
Methods: Databases of three primary health centres were searched for patients with Type 2 diabetes ≥1 year, most recent HbA1c≥10% [86 mmol/mol]. Patients were invited to explore reasons for poor glycaemic control and develop an individualised management plan. Review of glycaemic control was undertaken at 6 months.
Results: Of a total population of 28,677, 1261 had Type 2 diabetes (4.4%). 143 (11.3%) had last recorded HbA1c≥10% [86 mmol/mol]; 128 were reviewed (46.9% South Asian). People with poorer control had longer duration of diabetes and more South Asian ethnicity. Reasons for poor glycaemic control were:
Therapy: lack of titration of tablets (7.8%) or insulin (12.5%), poor concordance with medication (14.0%), insulin refusal (11.7%), side effects (16.4%); Engagement: poor concordance with lifestyle (26.5%), lack of knowledge of diabetes (14.0%), infrequent attendance at clinic (16.4%); Psychosocial/mental health: denial that diabetes was a problem (7.0%), mental health problem (9.4%), social issues (10.9%); Occupation: refusal of insulin due to occupation (1.6%); difficulty in attending reviews (5.5%). At six month review, 54.5% of patients had improved HbA1c≥1%.
Conclusions: Poor control affects 1 in 10 of our population. We have determined a number of factors which may explain most causes. Individualised management using care planning can significantly improve control.
Copyright © 2011 Primary Care Diabetes Europe. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.