Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) juice modulates 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene induced hepatic but not mammary gland phase I and II enzymes in female rats

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2011 Mar;31(2):339-46. doi: 10.1016/j.etap.2010.12.006. Epub 2011 Jan 18.


Chokeberry is a rich source of procyanidins known to have several types of biological activity including anticarcinogenic potential in experimental models. In this study we examined the effect of chokeberry juice on the hepatic and mammary gland carcinogen metabolizing enzyme expression altered by the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). Sprague-Dawley rats were gavaged with chokeberry juice (8 ml/kg b.w.) for 28 consecutive days. DMBA was administered i.p. on the 27th and the 28th days. Pretreatment with chokeberry juice reduced the activity of CYP1A1 and increased that of CYP2B involved in metabolic activation/detoxication of DMBA in rat liver, as well as expression and activity of phase II enzymes. Chokeberry juice had no effect on these parameters in the mammary gland and DMBA induced DNA damage in rat blood cells. These results together with our earlier observations indicate that metabolic alterations induced by chokeberry feeding are tissue specific and depend on the class of carcinogen.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene / toxicity*
  • Animals
  • Carcinogens / toxicity*
  • Comet Assay
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / biosynthesis
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B1 / biosynthesis
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / biosynthesis
  • DNA Damage / drug effects
  • Female
  • Fruit*
  • Glutathione Transferase / biosynthesis
  • Isoenzymes / biosynthesis
  • Liver / drug effects*
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Mammary Glands, Animal / drug effects*
  • Mammary Glands, Animal / enzymology
  • NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone) / biosynthesis
  • Photinia*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Carcinogens
  • Isoenzymes
  • 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • methoxyresorufin-O-demethylase
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B1
  • NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)
  • NQO1 protein, rat
  • Glutathione Transferase