Thoracotomy reduces intrinsic brain movement caused by heartbeat and respiration: a simple method to prevent motion artifact for in vivo experiments

Neurosci Res. 2011 Oct;71(2):188-91. doi: 10.1016/j.neures.2011.06.011. Epub 2011 Jul 21.


Recent technical advances in electrophysiological recording and functional imaging from the brain of living animals have promoted our understandings of the brain function, but these in vivo experiments are still technically demanding and often suffer from spontaneous pulsation, i.e., brain movements caused by respiration and heartbeat. Here we report that thoracotomy suppresses the motion artifact to a practically negligible level. This simple method will be useful in a wide variety of in vivo experiments, such as patch-clamp physiology, and optical imaging of neurons, glial cell, and blood vessels.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Artifacts
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Motion*
  • Myocardial Contraction / physiology*
  • Respiration*
  • Thoracotomy / methods*