Vast preclinical and clinical evidence has made angiogenesis one of the hallmarks of cancer. In many human tumours, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been identified as the crucial mediator of this process. Initial studies suggested that angiogenesis, and VEGF in particular, could be inhibited without the risk of major side effects. After the pivotal data in first-line studies in patients with colorectal cancer, numerous clinical trials have been undertaken in patients with breast cancer. This review attempts to update these investigations and define the role of anti-VEGF antibody treatment in advanced breast cancer.
Keywords: advanced breast cancer; bevacizumab; chemotherapy; vascular endothelial growth factor.