Incorporation of whole, ancient grains into a modern Asian Indian diet to reduce the burden of chronic disease

Nutr Rev. 2011 Aug;69(8):479-88. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00411.x.

Abstract

Refined carbohydrates, such as white rice and white flour, are the mainstay of the modern Asian Indian diet, and may contribute to the rising incidence of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this population. Prior to the 1950s, whole grains such as amaranth, barley, brown rice, millet, and sorghum were more commonly used in Asian Indian cooking. These grains and other non-Indian grains such as couscous, quinoa, and spelt are nutritionally advantageous and may be culturally acceptable carbohydrate substitutes for Asian Indians. This review focuses on practical recommendations for culturally sensitive carbohydrate modification in a modern Asian Indian diet to reduce type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acculturation
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Edible Grain / chemistry*
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • India
  • Micronutrients / administration & dosage

Substances

  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Micronutrients