We recently reported deletion of the protein tyrosine phosphatase gene PTPN2 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Functional analyses confirmed that PTPN2 acts as classical tumor suppressor repressing the proliferation of T cells, in part through inhibition of JAK/STAT signaling. We investigated the expression of PTPN2 in leukemia as well as lymphoma cell lines. We identified bi-allelic inactivation of PTPN2 in the Hodgkin's lymphoma cell line SUP-HD1 which was associated with activation of the JAK/STAT pathway. Subsequent sequence analysis of Hodgkin's lymphoma and T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma identified bi-allelic inactivation of PTPN2 in 2 out of 39 cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified, but not in Hodgkin's lymphoma. These results, together with our own data on T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, demonstrate that PTPN2 is a tumor suppressor gene in T-cell malignancies.