Tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and rejuvenation in 2010: the role of adipose-derived stem cells

Facial Plast Surg. 2011 Aug;27(4):378-87. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1283056. Epub 2011 Jul 26.


Facial rejuvenation is rapidly evolving sector in the field of facial aesthetics. There is a wide variety of dermal fillers and many more are in development. Over the past few years, the study of adult-derived stem cells has become a very active area of research. Adult stem cells are an attractive option for volume restoration and facial rejuvenation. Adult stem cells are isolated from adipose tissue-adipose derived stem cells and have mesodermal, ectodermal, and endodermal potentials. Adipose-derived stem cells could conceivably be an alternative to pluripotent embryonic stem cells and could play a critical role in the rapidly expanding fields of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This article reviews the history of soft tissue augmentation using adipose tissue grafting and the advent of using adipose-derived stem cells. The state-of-the-art stem cell isolation technique as well as anticipated future therapeutic indications are also addressed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / cytology*
  • Adipose Tissue / transplantation
  • Adult
  • Adult Stem Cells / transplantation*
  • Animals
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Face / surgery*
  • Fibroblasts / transplantation
  • Humans
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / transplantation
  • Regeneration*
  • Rejuvenation
  • Skin Aging
  • Tissue Engineering*
  • Tissue Scaffolds