Migration and proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are key events during neointimal formation in pathological conditions of vessels. Tenascin-C (TNC) is upregulated in the developing neointima of lesions. We evaluated the effects of TNC on responses of SMCs against platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulation. TNC coated on substrate promoted PDGF-BB-induced proliferation and migration of rat SMC cell line A10 in BrdU incorporation and transwell assays, respectively. Immunoblotting showed that TNC substrate enhanced autophosphorylation of PDGFR-β after PDGF-BB stimulation. Integrin αvβ3 is known to be a receptor for TNC in SMCs. In immunofluorescence and immunoblot of integrin αv subunit, clustering of αv-positive focal adhesions and upregulated αv expression were observed in the cells on TNC substrate. Immunoprecipitation using anti-integrin αvβ3 antibody demonstrated that PDGFR-β and integrin αvβ3 were co-precipitated and that the relative amount of PDGFR-β after the stimulation was increased by TNC treatment. TNC also promoted phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) at tyrosine (Y) 397 and Y925. The phosphorylated FAK was localized at focal adhesions in immunofluorescence. Phosphorylated SRC at Y418 was also seen at focal adhesions. Immunoprecipitation with αv antibody showed increased SRC association with the integrin signaling complex in the cells on TNC after PDGF treatment. In the cells on TNC substrate, crosstalk signaling between integrin αvβ3 and PDGFR-β could be amplified by SRC and FAK recruited to focal adhesions, followed by enhanced proliferation and migration of A10 cells by PDGF-BB.
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.