We investigated whether physical activity (PA) correlates differed for 9-10 year-old British children living in urban, suburban and rural settings. We analysed cross-sectional data on 1653 children (SPEEDY study). Exposure variables were self-reported, whilst PA was measured using Actigraph accelerometers. Data were analysed using multilevel hierarchical regression models, stratified by home setting. PA levels did not differ by home setting. Boys, those of normal weight and those having a preference for PA had higher PA levels in all strata, but additional correlates were identified within each setting. These results highlight the potential importance of tailoring interventions to specific environmental and population strata.
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