Patient-derived outcome measures for HIV services in the developed world: a systematic review

Int J STD AIDS. 2011 Aug;22(8):430-5. doi: 10.1258/ijsa.2011.010450.


This review sought to establish the themes and approaches used in the measurement of patient satisfaction regarded by HIV service users as crucial to improving service quality. It also investigated how feedback has been measured previously and whether a gold standard instrument exists that is generalizable across HIV inpatient and clinic settings. Twelve databases and other sources yielded 1474 titles. Using a clinically-focused question and pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria, 32 articles were retrieved and reviewed for quality using a quality appraisal checklist. Two reviewers used a data extraction form to identify and verify key patient experiences. Thematic analysis revealed that clinic staffs' current knowledge of HIV was an essential factor in positive feedback. Treating patients with dignity and respecting their autonomy and confidentiality were also important. Developments in treatment, extended life expectancy and quality of life have altered patients' experience and level of satisfaction. Three instruments developed to assess patient satisfaction with HIV care were identified but there was no gold standard method of measuring it. There is a need to develop a specific, valid instrument that is easy to complete and analyse, and the data should be used to inform the redesign of services to promote a dynamic model of care.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • HIV Infections / psychology
  • HIV Infections / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / methods*
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome