Climate change and predicted trend of fungal keratitis in Egypt

East Mediterr Health J. 2011 Jun;17(6):468-73.


Rising rates of invasive fungal infections may be linked to global climate change. A study was made of the trend of ophthalmic fungal corneal keratitis in the greater Cairo area of Egypt and its association with climate records during the same period. Data on diagnosed cases of fungal keratitis were collected from records of ophthalmic departments of Cairo University hospital and atmospheric temperature and humidity for the greater Cairo area were obtained from online records. Statistical analysis showed a significant increase in the relative frequency of keratomycosis during 1997-2007. The rise correlated significantly with rises n min,mum temperature and the maximum atmospheric humidity in the greater Cairo area over the same period (after exclusion of the effect of the maximum atmos pheric temperature). The predicted increase in keratomycosis up to the year 2030 corresponds to predicted increases in CO2 emissions and surface temperature from climate change models for Egypt.

MeSH terms

  • Climate Change*
  • Egypt / epidemiology
  • Eye Infections, Fungal / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Humidity
  • Keratitis / epidemiology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Temperature