An improved DNA colony-hybridization method for the rapid characterization of Salmonella typhimurium hisG46 revertants is described. Oligodeoxyribonucleotides (15-mers) complementary to each of 6 possible transition or transversion mutations and an extragenic suppressor mutation, underlying the His+ phenotype, were prepared. Optimal sequence discrimination was achieved by hybridizing 15-mers at the apparent dissociation temperature (Td) for 2 h with chromosomal DNA of revertant colonies affixed to Whatman 541 filters. Subsequent exposure of filters to UVA radiation (320-400 nm) in the presence of 4'-hydroxymethyl-4,5',8-trimethylpsoralen (HMT) resulted in cross-linking of perfectly matched probes and target DNA sequences while sequences containing a single base-pair mismatch could be discriminated with a brief denaturing wash. No false negative results were obtained with the new procedure. An analysis of 204 spontaneous and 174 PUVA-induced TA100 revertants is presented.