Study design: Clinical measurement.
Introduction: Manual dexterity is an important aspect of motor function across the age span.
Purpose of the study: To identify a single measure of manual dexterity for inclusion in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Toolbox Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function.
Methods: A total of 340 subjects participated in our study. Two alternatives, Rolyan® 9-Hole Peg Test (9-HPT) and Grooved Pegboard test, were compared by assessing their score range across age groups (3-85 yr) and their test-retest reliability, concurrent, and known groups validity.
Results: The 9-HPT was a simple, efficient, and low-cost measure of manual dexterity appropriate for administration across the age range. Test-retest reliability coefficients were 0.95 and 0.92 for right and left hands, respectively. The 9-HPT correlated with Bruininks-Oseretsky Test (BOT) of Motor Proficiency, dexterity subscale, at -0.87 to -0.89 and with Purdue Pegboard at -0.74 to -0.75. The Grooved Pegboard had good test-retest reliability (0.91 and 0.85 for right and left hands, respectively). The Grooved Pegboard correlated with BOT at -0.50 to -0.63 and with Purdue Pegboard at -0.73 to -0.78. However, the Grooved Pegboard required longer administration time and was challenging for the youngest children and oldest adults.
Conclusions: Based on its feasibility and measurement properties, the 9-HPT was recommended for inclusion in the motor battery of the NIH Toolbox.
Level of evidence: NA.
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