Cities, productivity, and quality of life

Science. 2011 Jul 29;333(6042):592-4. doi: 10.1126/science.1209264.


Technological changes and improved electronic communications seem, paradoxically, to be making cities more, rather than less, important. There is a strong correlation between urbanization and economic development across countries, and within-country evidence suggests that productivity rises in dense agglomerations. But urban economic advantages are often offset by the perennial urban curses of crime, congestion and contagious disease. The past history of the developed world suggests that these problems require more capable governments that use a combination of economic and engineering solutions. Though the scope of urban challenges can make remaining rural seem attractive, agrarian poverty has typically also been quite costly.

MeSH terms

  • Cities* / statistics & numerical data
  • Crime
  • Developing Countries
  • Environment
  • Government
  • Gross Domestic Product
  • Humans
  • Income*
  • Poverty
  • Public Health
  • Quality of Life*
  • Urban Health
  • Urban Population* / statistics & numerical data
  • Urbanization*