Effect of growth on monocarboxylate transporters and indicators of energy metabolism in the gluteus medius muscle of Thoroughbreds

Am J Vet Res. 2011 Aug;72(8):1107-11. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.72.8.1107.


Objective: To examine the changes in monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1 and MCT4 content and in indicators of energy metabolism in the gluteus medius muscle (GMM) of Thoroughbreds during growth.

Animals: 6 Thoroughbreds (3 males and 3 females).

Procedures: Samples of GMM were obtained when horses were 2, 6, 12, and 24 months old. Muscle proteins were separated via SDS-PAGE; amounts of MCT1 and MCT4 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α content were determined by use of western blotting. Muscle activities of phosphofructokinase and citrate synthase were measured biochemically; lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes were separated by agarose gel electrophoresis and quantified.

Results: Compared with findings when horses were 2 months old, MCT1 protein content in GMM samples obtained when the horses were 24 months old was significantly higher; however, MCT4 protein content remained unchanged throughout the study period. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α content was significantly increased at 24 months of age and citrate synthase activity was increased at 6 and 24 months of age, compared with findings at 2 months. Phosphofructokinase activity remained unaltered during growth. The percentage contributions of lactate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 isoenzymes to the total amount of all 5 isoenzymes at 12 and 24 months of age were significantly higher than those at 2 months of age.

Conclusions and clinical relevance: Changes in protein contents of MCTs and the lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme profile in GMM samples suggested that lactate usage capacity increases with growth and is accompanied by an increase in the oxidative capacity in Thoroughbreds.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport, Active
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase / metabolism
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Horses / growth & development
  • Horses / metabolism*
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters / genetics
  • Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters / metabolism*
  • Muscle Proteins / genetics
  • Muscle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism*
  • Phosphofructokinases / metabolism
  • Symporters / genetics
  • Symporters / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism


  • Isoenzymes
  • Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters
  • Muscle Proteins
  • Symporters
  • Transcription Factors
  • monocarboxylate transport protein 1
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase
  • Phosphofructokinases