Diagnostic approach to peripheral arterial disease

Cardiol Clin. 2011 Aug;29(3):319-29. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2011.04.004. Epub 2011 May 31.


This article discusses diagnostic imaging techniques used in the evaluation and management of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Along with a complete vascular examination, noninvasive physiologic testing is used for the initial evaluation of patients with suspected PAD. Duplex ultrasonography provides information on the degree of stenosis or occlusion within a vessel and allows assessment of the vessel wall and plaque morphology. Angiographic imaging techniques should be reserved for determining the optimal endovascular or surgical approach for patients requiring revascularization. Together, all available diagnostic modalities contribute to successful evaluation and management of patients with PAD.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / diagnosis*