Practical management of diabetes during Ramadan fasting

Mymensingh Med J. 2011 Jul;20(3):541-6.


Diabetes mellitus is a global epidemic including Bangladesh. It is a chronic, costly and deadly disease. Recent advancement gives us the opportunity to control diabetes and offer the patient to have a normal or near normal life. Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. Recent studies show that most of the type-2 diabetic patients can fast during the holy month of Ramadan safely. But they need pre-Ramadan counseling for assessment, education, motivation, dietary and drug adjustment. Ramadan is beneficial for health. Fasting improves metabolic control, reduces weight and helps to control hypertension. Fasting also associated with some risks like-hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, hyper osmolar non ketotic coma and dehydration. All of these risks can be significantly reduced by pre-Ramadan counseling. Those who are at very high risks of hypoglycemia and acute diabetic or other complications they should not fast. After recovery they should complete their fast with the consultation of Islamic scholars. If there is hypoglycemia while fasting, fast must be broken. Islam allows us to have a regular blood sugar test during fast. Patient should follow a highly individualized management plan. Close monitoring is essential to prevent complications for safe Ramadan.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  • Counseling
  • Diabetes Mellitus* / drug therapy
  • Fasting*
  • Humans
  • Islam*