Oct-4, the marker of pluripotent cells, is crucial for murine preimplantation development. During the formation of the blastocyst Oct-4 is downregulated in the trophectoderm (TE) and its expression becomes restricted to the inner cell mass (ICM). In order to determine the exact timing of the disappearance of Oct-4 protein from TE we analyzed the localization and level of Oct-4 at different stages of blastocyst development. The presence of Oct-4 protein was determined by immunohistochemistry using confocal microscopy. We found that the downregulation of Oct-4 protein in TE of mouse blastocysts progresses gradually during development, and Oct-4 protein persists in some of the TE cells at least until the expanded blastocyst (120-140 cells) stage. Our findings indicate that the switching-off of the Oct-4 expression is not necessary for the trophectoderm formation. The complete elimination of Oct-4 protein from TE occurs at the period of blastocyst implantation, when lack of Oct-4 is required for the proper functioning of the trophectoderm.