The candidate proto-oncogene bcl-3 is related to genes implicated in cell lineage determination and cell cycle control

Cell. 1990 Mar 23;60(6):991-7. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(90)90347-h.


A gene, bcl-3, is found on chromosome 19 adjacent to the breakpoints in the translocation t(14;19)(q32;q13.1), which occurs in some cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Sequence analysis of the human bcl-3 gene predicts a protein containing seven tandem copies of the SWI6/cdc10 motif. This motif was previously identified in yeast genes that regulate events at the start of the cell cycle and in invertebrate transmembrane proteins involved in cell differentiation pathways. Expression of bcl-3 in normal blood cells increases markedly following mitogenic stimulation, and leukemic cells with the translocation show much greater expression than controls. These results suggest that bcl-3 is a proto-oncogene that may contribute to leukemogenesis when abnormally expressed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • B-Cell Lymphoma 3 Protein
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Cycle*
  • Cell Line
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Genes*
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / blood
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / genetics*
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / pathology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogenes*
  • RNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • RNA, Neoplasm / isolation & purification
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Transcription Factors
  • Translocation, Genetic


  • B-Cell Lymphoma 3 Protein
  • BCL3 protein, human
  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • Transcription Factors

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M31731
  • GENBANK/M31732