Diagnosis and management of somatosensory tinnitus: review article

Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2011;66(6):1089-94. doi: 10.1590/s1807-59322011000600028.


Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an acoustic external stimulus. It affects 10-17% of the world's population and it a complex symptom with multiple causes, which is influenced by pathways other than the auditory one. Recently, it has been observed that tinnitus may be provoked or modulated by stimulation arising from the somatosensorial system, as well as from the somatomotor and visual-motor systems. This specific subgroup -somatosensory tinnitus - is present in 65% of cases, even though it tends to be underdiagnosed. As a consequence, it is necessary to establish evaluation protocols and specific treatments focusing on both the auditory pathway and the musculoskeletal system.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Auditory Pathways / physiopathology
  • Disease Management
  • Humans
  • Somatosensory Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Somatosensory Disorders / therapy*
  • Tinnitus / diagnosis*
  • Tinnitus / therapy*
  • Trigger Points / physiopathology