Use of the Hardman index in predicting mortality in endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther. 2011 Dec;23(4):274-9. doi: 10.1177/1531003511408737. Epub 2011 Aug 1.


Purpose: The Hardman index is a predictor of 30-day mortality after open ruptured abdominal aneurysm repair through the use of preoperative patient factors. The aim of this study was to assess the Hardman index in patients undergoing endovascular repair of ruptured aortic aneurysms.

Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis of 95 patients undergoing emergency endovascular repairs of computed tomography-confirmed ruptured aneurysms from 1994 to 2008 in a university hospital was performed. All relevant patient variables, calculations of the Hardman index, and the incidence of 30-day mortality were collected in these patients. Correlation of the relationship between each variable and the overall score with the incidence of 30-day mortality was undertaken.

Results: The 24-hour mortality was 16% and 30-day mortality 36%. Increasing scores on the Hardman index showed an increasing mortality rate. Thirty-day mortality in patients with a score of 0 to 2 was 30.5%, and in those with a score of ≥3 was 69.2% (P = .01, risk ratio = 2.26, 95% confidence interval = 0.98 to 5.17). This is lower than predicted in both patient groups based on Hardman index score. Loss of consciousness was the only statistically significant independent predictor of 30-day mortality with a risk ratio of 3.16 (95% confidence interval = 2.00-4.97, P < .001).

Conclusion: These data suggest that the Hardman index can predict an increased risk of 30-day mortality from endovascular repairs of ruptured aortic aneurysms. However, mortality from endovascular repair is much lower than would be predicted in open repair and it therefore cannot be used clinically as a tool for exclusion from intervention.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / blood
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / mortality
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / surgery*
  • Aortic Rupture / blood
  • Aortic Rupture / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Rupture / mortality
  • Aortic Rupture / surgery*
  • Aortography / methods
  • Biomarkers / analysis
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / mortality*
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Electrocardiography
  • Endovascular Procedures / adverse effects
  • Endovascular Procedures / mortality*
  • England
  • Female
  • Hemoglobins / analysis
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Myocardial Ischemia / mortality
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Unconsciousness / mortality


  • Biomarkers
  • Hemoglobins
  • Creatinine